A test plan document is a document which compromises all the details necessary for the software testing process. The details include the product’s objective, the testing process’s scope and objective, planning resources, creating test cases, maintaining deadlines and estimations, etc. A test plan document can be called a blueprint for the testing process, which entails why and how to test the product. Follow the steps mentioned below to build a perfect test plan document.
Analyzing the product
Analyzing the software and garnering the most information is a key task in building a perfect test plan document. The QA managers or leads, responsible for building the test plan first understand the objective of the product, what is the use of the product, who its users are, etc., and align the objective of the testing process and testing approach, respectively, with the product’s objective.
Defining test objectives and scopes
Test objectives and scopes are two elementary things in a test plan document. Test objective means what outcome is desired from the whole product testing process, whereas test scope refers to the results that can be attained when the tests are conducted. Test objectives should be aligned with the objective of the product.
Designing test strategy
Test strategy means how the testing process has to be conducted. When creating a test plan document, leaders and managers need to focus on the objective of the product and objective and scope of the tests and then design a test strategy which meets requirements.
Creating test cases
Test cases are the basis of the whole testing process. Test cases are referred to a set of actions realized on the product to check its functions and requirements. A test case includes specifications of input, testing procedure and expected results for a single test. Test cases target the specific function or unit of the product and check its functionality. While building a test plan document, managers need to learn how to create test cases.
Planning test environment and resources
Test environment refers to software and hardware configuration, the host/server, which allows running the test cases according to the test plan document. And the testers, software testing tools, etc., resources required to conduct a test are test resources. A test plan document involves planning the right test environment and accurate test resources. To opt for the right test plan tool and other tools like bug detecting tools, automated tools, and performance testing tools is as important as choosing the correct test environment.
Many software testing planning tools are available in the market that help in building test plan documents. You can trust TestForma, a leading test plan tool that makes the work of managers and testers quick and efficient through its automated feature.