Shanghai Customs’s Pudong Airport Customs found that a batch of wooden pallets of Singapore-departed and Shanghai-entered goods had signs of moth-eaten when they implemented wooden packaging quarantine on air express cargo. After the customs officers immediately carried out necropsy and sampling, and sprayed for preventive pest control, the wooden pallet was isolated and sealed. The reporter was informed today that the relevant technical center of Shanghai Customs confirmed that the insect sample was a quarantine pest-Toxodes (non-Chinese species). This is the first time since Pudong Airport Customs has carried out pre-interception and quarantine work on wooden packaging. Intercept the pest.
The genus Heterobhisialis (non-Chinese species) belongs to Coleoptera and Scolycodonidae. It is an omnivorous pest. It is distributed in India, Myanmar, Malaysia, Vietnam, etc. It is parasitic on conifers and broad-leaved trees. It can spread long distances with the host. Harm the entire xylem, drill holes and reduce the use value of wood. Once introduced, it will have a serious impact on China’s forestry and ecological security. In 2007, China formally included the genus Heterophyllum (non-Chinese species) in the “List of Entry Phytosanitary Pests of the People’s Republic of China” and listed it as one of China’s entry phytosanitary pests.
In view of the material characteristics of wood packaging that easily carry harmful organisms, the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) in 2002 issued the “International Phytosanitary Measures Standard No. 15-Management of Wood Packaging Materials in International Trade”, requiring all wood packaging in international trade to be Need to go through de-pest treatment and apply IPPC special logo. This has effectively prevented the spread and spread of harmful organisms with wooden packaging. However, some countries have incomplete quarantine treatment processes and inadequate control measures, resulting in the risk of foreign harmful organisms being introduced with wooden packaging.
The general value of air cargo is high and the requirement for customs clearance is very high. The Shanghai Pudong Airport’s airport and shore express channel enters up to 100,000 pieces of wooden packaging each year. It is necessary to quickly screen out such a large number of goods without affecting the customs clearance of the goods. Quarantine risk is a new challenge facing the national biosafety prevention and control work of air ports and ports. Pudong Airport Customs has innovatively implemented the pre-intercepting supervision model for wood packaging of inbound express shipments. The wood packaging that enters with the goods will be quarantined after loading and unloading and before declaration. On the premise of ensuring the timeliness of entry and customs clearance, the shipment channel will be firmly established for the invasion of pests. The first line of defense.
The Pudong Airport Customs adopted the formulation of quarantine work specifications for express wooden packaging, and clearly required that all inbound express goods should be inspected for customs security access as soon as possible after they have been discharged to the express operator’s warehouse and before the formal declaration. If no epidemic situation is found, the goods will be released as soon as possible without affecting the customs clearance of the goods; if the suspected epidemic situation is found, sampling will be intercepted as soon as possible and the pest control will be implemented. The samples will be first screened and microscopically inspected by the on-site preliminary screening studio, and then sent to the relevant technical center of Shanghai Customs for further identification.
In addition, the Pudong Airport Customs has also fully optimized the job setting and advanced the time for customs officers to work to ensure that the quarantine can be carried out after the inbound express cargo arrives at the warehouse, so as to achieve “zero waiting”. At the same time, optimize the handover process of wooden packaging samples, simplify the sample receiving, receiving, and sending links, and effectively connect various supervision nodes to ensure that the test results are obtained in the shortest time, and effectively shorten the port customs clearance time for wooden packaging goods.
According to statistics, in 2019, Pudong Airport Customs implemented quarantine on 91,000 pieces of wooden packaging, intercepting 95 kinds of pests 3373 times, including 6 kinds of quarantine pests 40 times.