Hyperpigmentation is the term used to describe the darkening or colouring of areas of skin, frequently brought on by excessive melanin synthesis. Numerous factors, including sun exposure, hormone fluctuations, acne scars, and skin injuries, can cause it. Although hyperpigmentation is usually not harmful, it can impact one’s self-esteem. Fortunately, many efficient treatments can help lessen hyperpigmentation and restore a clear, even skin tone.
Based on the insights shared by the expert dermatologist of Skinlogics Clinic, a clinic known for providing the Best Pigmentation Treatment in Noida, in this article, we will look at hyperpigmentation and some of the top hyperpigmentation treatments available to get rid of hyperpigmentation.
What is Hyperpigmentation?
Hyperpigmentation is a term used to indicate darker-looking skin; however, it is not always a medical issue. It can:
- Small patches
- Covering large areas
- It can impact the whole body
Although increased pigmentation is typically not hazardous, it may be a sign of another illness. Continue reading to discover the many types, causes, and treatments for hyperpigmentation.
Types of Hyperpigmentation
Depending on the factors causing hyperpigmentation, it can be characterized by different types. Some of the common hyperpigmentation are:
Melasma is considered to be induced by hormonal changes and can manifest itself during pregnancy. This hyperpigmentation can occur anywhere on the body, but it is more frequent on the stomach and face.
Sunspots, also known as liver spots or solar lentigines, are rather prevalent. They are caused by prolonged sun exposure. They typically form as spots on sun-exposed areas such as the hands and face.
- Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation
Hyperpigmentation is caused by an inflammatory process. This is caused by skin damage or inflammation. Acne is a common cause of this type of condition.
- Age Spots
These little dark brown or black patches form as we age.
These are tiny, dot-like blemishes commonly caused by excessive sun exposure and by people with light skin tones.
- Medical Conditions
Pigmentation on the neck, below the arms, or near the genitals is prevalent in those with PCOS. Acanthosis nigricans is a kind of hyperpigmentation in which the skin turns velvety brown to black. Diabetes can be indicated by dark spots and patches caused by insulin resistance.
Hormones can have a variety of effects on the body. Melasma refers to dark areas of pigmentation produced by hormonal changes. Because of hormonal changes, this is particularly common in pregnant women. Some hormonal treatments can also cause pigmentation.
The amount of melanin produced affects the overall colour of the skin. Hyperpigmentation or discoloration, on the other hand, is more common in certain parts of the body, such as the underarms and inner thighs. Chafing, dry skin, tight clothing, and sweat can all generate friction and cause the affected region to darken.
How is Hyperpigmentation Diagnosed?
A dermatologist can determine what is causing the hyperpigmentation. To diagnose the cause, they will ask for the patient’s medical history and perform a physical exam. A skin biopsy can help to narrow down the etiology in some circumstances.
Top Treatments for Hyperpigmentation
Some of the best treatments for Hyperpigmentation are as follows:
- Creams: Some frequently recommended creams containing glycolic acid, kojic acid, azelaic acid, arbutin, niacinamide, and other ingredients are best for treating pigmentation. These lotions aid in the reduction of pigmentation. Not only that, but lotions containing Vitamin E and Vitamin C also aid in improving the tone and texture of the skin. The dermatologist determines which of these creams will work best for a person after examining the skin and determining the reason for pigmentation. To avoid adverse effects and get the most out of these creams, use them under the supervision of a dermatologist.
- Chemical Peels: A chemical peel is a treatment that uses various chemicals to remove the dead and damaged skin layer. It also contributes to an even skin tone and revitalized skin. Chemical peels assist in minimizing skin tan, acne scars, and, most importantly, pigmentation on the face and other body areas such as the neck and back. Chemical peels that cure pigmentation include glycolic acid, azelaic acid, retinol, phenol, ferulic acid, and arginine. These peels are available in a variety of strengths, including light peels, medium peels, and deep peels. The dermatologist can recommend the best peel for an individual based on the severity and kind of pigmentation.
- Laser Treatment: It is often regarded as the most efficient method of treating hyperpigmentation. Lasers target and burst melanin cells, which are then spontaneously eliminated by immune system cells. Lasers aid in the removal of pigmented cells, increasing overall skin tone and texture and resulting in smooth, beautiful skin.
- Vampire Facial: This procedure is becoming quite popular among individuals all over the world because it seeks to give the skin a natural glow. This involves taking growth factors from the patient’s blood and infusing them into the skin, which aids in pigmentation reduction. Because the patient’s blood is drawn, this technique is sometimes known as a vampire facial or facelift. It is not only a pigmentation treatment but also has anti-aging properties and enhances skin texture.
- Medifacials: Medifacials, or medical facials, can be quite effective in the treatment of mild pigmentation disorders. This treatment uses a variety of medical-grade substances to cleanse, exfoliate, infuse, and brighten the skin to achieve total rejuvenation. Depending on the individual condition, such as hyperpigmentation or dullness, certain serums can also be used. These are quick facials but far superior to salon facials since the substances used in medifacials penetrate beneath the skin’s surface, offering better and longer-lasting skin changes.
The prevalence of pigmentation adds to the importance of a daily skincare routine. The following actions are recommended by the skin expert:
- Sunscreen with an SPF of 50 or above will protect one’s skin from the sun. This helps to prevent skin discoloration and hyperpigmentation.
- To avoid hyperpigmentation, avoid picking at scabs, spots, or acne.
- Various creams used topically that contain retinoids, corticosteroids, vitamin C, and kojic acid as components should be used.
To get the best pigmentation treatment, consult the Best Dermatologist in Noida at Skinlogics Clinic. The renowned clinic also successfully treats various skin concerns, such as stretch marks, vitiligo, acne scars, anti-aging, etc. The doctor prioritizes determining the underlying cause of the condition to provide a result-oriented treatment. Book an appointment now at Skinlogics to avail the benefits.