Schizophrenia is defined as a psychotic disorder typically treated with both drugs and psychotherapy. It’s sometimes confused with delusional disorder, but someone who has other diagnostic symptoms of schizophrenia can’t be diagnosed with the delusional disorder because delusions are also a symptom of schizophrenia.
Mental illnesses range in severity from mildly unhandy or inconvenient to completely debilitating. Unfortunately, no matter the level, there are few ways to effectively treat many psychiatric disorders, especially schizophrenia —
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Symptoms of Schizophrenia
When the disease is active, it can be described o characterized by episodes in which the person is unable to distinguish between real and unreal experiences. As with any illness, the duration, severity, and frequency of symptoms can vary; however, in persons with schizophrenia, the incidence of severe psychotic symptoms often decreases as the person becomes older. Not taking medications as prescribed, the use of alcohol or illicit drugs, and stressful situations tend to increase symptoms. Symptoms fall into three major categories:
• Positive symptoms:
These are mixed, false, and sometimes strange beliefs that aren’t based in reality and that the person refuses to give up, even when shown the facts. For example, an individual with delusions may believe that people can hear their thoughts or intentions that they are God or the devil, or that people are putting thoughts into their head or plotting against them.
Hallucinations refer to sensations that aren’t real or true. Hearing voices is the most common and known hallucination in people with schizophrenia. The voices may comment on the person’s behaviors, insult them, or give commands. Less common types include seeing things that aren’t there, having a funny taste in your mouth, smelling strange odors, and feeling sensations on your skin even though nothing is touching your body.
• Negative symptoms: (those abnormally absent) A loss or a decrease in the ability to initiate plans, speak, find pleasure or express emotion.
• Disorganized symptoms: Confused and disordered thinking and speech, trouble with logical thinking, and sometimes abnormal movements and weird behaviors.
Treatment of Schizophrenia
Psychotherapy and hypnosis treatment can help a person learn how to function in appropriate, effective, and satisfying ways. By teaching people how to cope, psychologist can help people or individuals overcome dysfunction and regain their lives.
Individuals may also need training in social skills or vocational counseling and job training.
family psychotherapy, Family education, and self-help groups are also beneficial.
• Hypnotherapy for schizophrenia
Many complaints of schizophrenia do not respond to medication. If there is no physical brain injury, then schizophrenia can be successfully treated with clinical hypnotherapy. It works at the subconscious level. Hypnotherapy can have an effect on the thinking process, emotions and behaviors. Schizophrenia covers several aspects of a person’s life. All these issues must be addressed. Some of the common hypnotherapy methods such as hypnotic suggestions, psycho-strengthening imagery, projective restructuring, and neutralization of effect have been used and found effective. Once a detailed assessment is done, the therapist will shortlist complaints and will then design a therapy strategy. The first part of it is goal setting. Sessions can be designed based on symptoms and conditions. It could be frequent sessions or weekly depending on the state and need. The effect of hypnotherapy both as the therapy itself and as a complementary therapy is helpful in acute and long-term management.